#2A CONCLUSIVE STUDY ON THE ARCHAIC PATHWAYS ON THE AGE-OLD ASTRONOMY.
AN EMANCIPATED STUDY ON THE EVOLUTION OF ASTRONOMY OVER THE PAST CIVILIZATIONS
Hii…Welcome to Learn Immense where you can boost up your perception regarding wider aspects of the World. Mankind has been constantly driven to achieve sufficiency to emancipate the livelihood of the individuals right from the beginning. Today let us understand the primal applications of Astronomy that were utilized by our forefathers in the past by Ancient civilizations around the world.
THE MAYA CIVILIZATION
The Maya civilization was a Meso-American civilization that scales its origin from the Maya peoples. They were considered as the most sophisticated culture noted for their unique Mono-syllabic writing system. The Mayans were skilled skywatchers, they carefully predicted the motion of the Sun and the Moon. The valid proof for the fascination with Astronomy was the Chichen Itza observatory situated in Mexico. This monument comprises two towers that consist of inscriptions regarding Celestial cycles.
THE UNITED STATES
The United States has its Archeoastronomical discovery dated back to 1000 AD constructed by the prehistoric Pueblo Indians in the Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. The sun dagger is a 2-3 meter slab that casts a shadow of the late morning and midday sun to indicate both solstices and equinox. This was an accidental Archeoastronomical discovery.
THE POLYNESIAN ISLANDS
The Polynesian people utilized Astronomy to navigate through Oceanic routes. Polynesians were extremely skilled in the art of Celestial Navigation. They memorized the position of the stars to navigate even through daylight. And used Sun as the primal objective for Directional analysis.
THE ANCIENT CHINESE
The Ancient Chinese were one of the most sophisticated civilizations to ever exist. While the whole world was toiling in their war using bow and arrow, the Chinese invented the gun powder formula. And they were way ahead of everything, The Chinese astronomy scales its long history right from the Shang dynasty, they have identified stars from 1300 BCE. They even catalogued all the stars and constellations above and invented numerous observational instruments, including the Armillary sphere. The Ancient Chinese have formulated the inventive aspects of observational theologies, which is a very humongous achievement.
THE ANCIENT GREECE
Ancient Greek was considered as the initial period of the classical Antiquity age where every period was considered Unique in World History. And this was one of my favourite ages in World History. The Greeks developed Astronomy as a highly sophisticated branch of Mathematics. Notable astronomers such as Aristarchus of Samos, Eratosthenes, Hipparchus made their observations on Astronomy. The most important astronomical invention of this age was the Antikythera Mechanism, which was an auspicious device made of brass, comprised of 76 gears used to predict the Sun, Moon, and planetary positions. This Mechanism was designed by Archimedes. This was the first ancestor which leads to the development of Astronomical computers.
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