THE DAWN OF QUESTIONING AND REASONING CONVULSED INTO DISCOVERY IN THE SCIENTIFIC ERA.
THE SCIENTIFIC ERA.
Welcome to learn immense where you find concluded prospects of anything you ever wanted to learn. So today let us try to understand the earliest prospects of scientific establishments. Ever Since the time of the ancient Greeks, people/individuals where study the natural world around them h e developed a system for establishing the acquired knowledge, called The scientific method.Th e scientific method requires, as a minimum, the following: terminology that is precisely defined by its fundamental prospects, measurements that are quantitative and repeatable in timely order, and assertions that are backed up by strong and viable evidence.
THE SCIENTIFIC METHODOLOGY.
The scientific methodology comprises ofe following steps of the process. The primal step is identifying the problem, usually in the form of either observations or data. The problem can be initialization of the questions. The second step in the scientific method is the analysis of the data, which inolves a set p cess of pattern recognition that incorporates theological analysis ,th e patterns can be rendered from anywhere. The third step is the development of an explanation for the acquired results of the analysis, which can either be theoretical or observational. Such an explanation of the analysis is called a hypothesis, also known as the working hypothesis. The scientific method can never guarantee the fundamental truth, but it can be used to draw feasible conclusions with a much higher degree of reliability. The stronger the evidence the stronger the conclusion.
THE STEPS IN THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD.
STEP-1: Identification of the problem.
STEP-2: Gathering of data.
STEP-3: Evaluation of Hypothesis.
STEP-4: Testing the Hypothesis.
If the new data agrees with the current hypothesis, proceed testo test the resultant hypothesis or else evaluate another different hypothesis from a different perception to render feasible results.Th e result can either be theoretical or observational.
THE PREDOMINANCE OF EVIDENCE.
Science can never be backed upon without Evidence. This means that when a scientist/Researcher makes a possible assertion, he or she must back up the assertion with either observational or empirical data. These observations can be examined and critically checked by other scientists (or anyone else who is interested). This method widely differs from pre-scientific styles of learning about nature, in which an assertion might be made on the whole strength of mysticism, moral authority, political ideology. Evidence must always be available for scrutiny and corroboration. Science is a social and widely public enterprise, so free accessibility to data is a critical and primal aspect of how we learn about the world.Evidence in Astronomy consists of vastly electromagnetic light or electromagnetic spectral data.
Measuring data on Astronomical studies can be quite susceptible ,e t us consider the N- Body problem which is used to render the computer simulations of Galactic objects .h e Simulation states that G weakens with the inverse square of distance 1/d square.In hythedrodynamic simulation,the system can not only be fed about the normal Newtonian mechanics but also General relativity to fabricate abe black hole simulation and also the gas particles for obtaining different observations. Si simulations can assist us to obtain the observational analysis.
PRESENTING THE EVIDENCE.
Scientists must promote their evidence in the form of measurement. People make many statements in everyday life, which are either qualitative or quantitative. Scientists employ measurements to arrive at precise and quantitative statements. A measurement must always possess two components: a number and a unit. A number to define the exact value of the resultant. A unit for dimensional analysis.
Many varied types of calculations can be achieved using Estimation. Estimation allows us a quick way to evaluate a varied insight regarding a particular hypothesis. This is appropriate in astronomy. In estimation, we are satisfied with a precision of a factor of two or even a factor of ten, which is known as an order of magnitude.Es estimation can also be used as a viable source for rendering a good output.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF DIMENSIONS.
Physical science seems to contain a varied string of different things that can be measured and quantified and most possibly calculated— mass, density, temperature, power, force, acceleration, and so on. Almost every physical quantity is a combination of only three fundamental quantities, yes, only three dimensions: mass, length, and time. These dimensions are abbreviated as M, L, and T. These three fundamental quantities evolve around the visible prospects of scientific conclusions. The study of physical quantities with the help of their dimensions and units of measurement is called seasonal analysis. The units play a pivotal role in rendering feasible solutions for arriving at the result or for further observation.
MODERN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH.
The evaluated results of scientific research can change over time,these changes can result in the observations. Bu t also because of the social, political or religious convictions. No individual idea can remain the same for too long, Change has always been inevitable for everything. Scientific ideas are subjected to change, new ideas /observations can challenge the previously evaluated observations .Henceforth every scientific ideas is subjected to change no matter how perfect the conclusion may be.Modern scientific research has been considered as a bit simple because the arrival of conclusion draws either to a descriptive state of that particular topic or a exceptional rendering of that particular result.
CLASSIFICATION OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
Scientific research can be classified according to those data is collected with relationship applied medium as well.Research techniques involves varied data rendering services and Research techniques can further be evaluated as follows,
ACCORDING TO THE COLLECTION OF DATA
- Observational analysis
- Experimental analysis.
ACCORDING TO THE CAUSALITY RELATIONSHIP
- Descriptive data
- Analytical data.
ACCORDING TO INTERRELATIONSHIP TIME
ACCORDING TO THE MEDIUM
- Social descriptive.
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