ROBOTICS & TOP 7 INNOVATIONS IN ROBOTICS CREATED NEW LIFE
WHAT IS ROBOTICS?
Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering consisting of mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science engineering, and information science engineering.
In other words, robotics was first coined by ISAAC ASIMOV way back in 1942 and Isaac Asimov formulated the three laws of robotics.
THREE LAWS OF ROBOTICS:
FIRST LAW OF ROBOTICS;
Robots may not injure a human being or, through inaction allow a human being to come to harm.
SECOND LAW OF ROBOTICS:
A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the first law of robotics.
THIRD LAW OF ROBOTICS:
A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the first and second laws of robotics.
ACTUAL MEANING OF ROBOT
The word robot comes from the Slavic word robota which means work or labor. so it is just a machine programmed to do a complex series of actions. Every robot is a machine but every machine is not a robot.
THREE PILLARS OF ROBOTICS:
If a machine can sense and think, only then it can be called a robot. let’s take a look at the three pillars of robotics in detail
Human beings sense the environment around them with the help of sense organs, however, a robot senses the environment around it with the help of sensors, and the robot utilizes the sensors to gather information about its environment.
Human beings think with the help of the brain whereas a robot processes the information and thinks with the help of microcontrollers and microprocessors
Human beings use legs and arms for carrying out various actions whereas a robot uses motors and various other actuators for carrying out actions. An actuator is a machine that can convert energy from one form into another, in the case of a robot it converts energy from electrical energy into actual mechanical movement.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ROBOTICS
- Robotics are used in manufacturing, rescue missions, and in the military.
- Robotics are used in factories all over the world.
- Robots can go to the planets and far down into the unknown places and give us information that humans can’t get.
- Robotic pets can help patients with depression and keep them active.
Most of the robots are automatic, so they can move without human interference so that they can be sent to a war zone.
- Robots need a supply of power, the software and the equipment that need to be used with robots cost a lot of money.
- Robots cost much money in maintenance & repair, the programs need to be kept on updating. The procedure to restore lost code or data may be time-consuming & costly.
- They do not have emotions, so most of the time they can’t interact with people.
- If robots begin to replace humans, this will lead to unemployment.
TOP SEVEN INNOVATIONS IN ROBOTICS
- Google’s worker robots
- Multitasking bots
- UR3 arm
- Saul robot
- Asus Zenbo
Let’s take a brief look at each robot.
GOOGLE’S WORKER ROBOTS
Google’s new ambitious project is named robotics which will be led by AI scientist VINCENT VANHOUCKE. Actually, Google is planning to focus on using machine learning to teach robots.
These robots perform certain work so that humans don’t have to. These robots are manufactured with a certain specific job to do and sensors specific to the task, each requiring specialist technical support and requires high-cost maintenance.
It is a lightweight robot, powerful performance. the industry’s most flexible 6-axis table-top robot. A new era of automation now brought to the table with the fastest pack back in the industry.
Saul robot is specially manufactured for killing viruses such as ebola. With the help of U-V rays, it disinfects rooms at the hospitals within five minutes. The ultraviolet rays are 25,000,000 times brighter than fluorescent lights.
Asus Zenbo is a sweet little companion who helps people to enjoy a connected digital life and safeguard their health and wellbeing. It is also a fun and educational permit for kids. It provides to enables robotics computing for every household.
Paro is a therapeutic robot developed by iced and available from intelligent system corporation. It has responsive behavior including wandering, yelling that actually result in a calming effect on the resident. It helps to reduce depression and behavioral problems.
Pepper is a cute, wisecracking personal robot. Pepper is the world’s first personal robot that can read people’s emotions, Son said, and it uses voice recognition technology and proprietary algorithms to analyze people’s feelings from their facial expressions and tone of voice.
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